Exciting news from Peru
Peru is hard hit by Covid-19. But the fishermen and their families need an income to survive, so some take the chance to travel
a little away from home, and collect fish.
Four exciting Apistogramma have recently been collected:
Apistogramma sp. "Rosa Ines"
Apistogramma sp. "Tabatinga"
Apistogramma sp. "Rosa Ines" seems to be a new species in the Apistogramma-nijsseni-Group.
It was collected in remote areas of Peru.
Hopefully we'll see more photos in a month or two!
As the provisional name indicates, the Apistogramma sp. "Tabatinga" lives not far from the Brazilian
town Tabatinga, at Rio Amazonas. This town borders the colombian city of Leticia, and we suspect
Apistogramma sp. "Tabatinga" to be identical to the Apistogramma cf. norberti
(Lyretail), which is found in the Leticia area.
Apistogramma sp. "Ticuna"
Apistogramma sp. "Albertini Maca"
Apistogramma sp. "Ticuna" seems to be a new species in the Apistogramma-eunotus-Complex,
probably in a Subcomplex which forms a bridge between the Apistogramma-cruzi-Subcomplex and
In Japan this species is also known as Apistogramma sp. "Girasol".
Apistogramma sp. "Albertini Maca" looks much like Apistogramma barlowi, but it has a caudal
fin similar to that of Apistogramma megastoma!
In the next revised Species List, we will list it as Apistogramma sp. aff. barlowi (Albertini).
In Japan they use the name Apistogramma sp. "Tony".
Apistogramma sp. "Elzeniense"
This new exciting species was found for the second time earlier this year.
It has now been imported to Taiwan, and Apisto Aquarium Taiwan kindly sent us a few photos, with permission to publish them here.
It morphologically shows similarities with species from the Apistogramma-barlowi-Complex, but it was collected in
Brazil, not very far from Manaus!
A miniature dwarf jewel from Brazil
These were imported to France, primo 2020. A French friend of mine kindly offered to keep them for me a few weeks,
until we could meet and exchange fishes.
Well, a virus arrived, and never left; the fishes are still in one of my friend's tanks, in France!
This fish seems to be closely related or identical to Apistogramma wapisana (RÖMER, HAHN & CONRAD 2006).
However, it was collected in the Rio Padauari drainage (Brazil), and this is very far away from the type
locality of A. wapisana (which is in the Boa Vista area).
So we label it Apistogramma cf. wapisana until we know more...
This is a true dwarf, it never exceeds 40 mm TL, and the holotypus of A. wapisana was 28 mm SL.
It shows very little and/or reverse sexual dimorphism, and it has a very special and interesting courtship.
Apistogramma cf. paulmuelleri (Upper Río Marañon)
These have been collected in Peru very recently:
As seen on the photos, adult males have a well developed hump on their forehead.
These fishes have a lot of features in common with Apistogramma paulmuelleri (RÖMER et al. 2013).
The dorsal fin appear higher, and they were collected more than 400 km (as the crow flies) from the type locality of
Apistogramma paulmuelleri, so they are probably a separate species.
Apistogramma sp. "Snow White", what is it?
This "Snow White" doesn't only live with the dwarfs, it IS a dwarf.
It was collected in eastern parts of Colombia a few weeks ago.
Hopefully it will show off its black markings and any colors soon, so we can try to identify it!
I do expect a more ID-friendly appearence when it, together with some congeners, most
likely will arrive one of my aquariums very soon...
Is Apistogramma sp. "D58" a facultative mouth-breeding species?
We collected this species for the second time in December 2019.
I brought some of them home:
They spawned and raised their offspring in my tanks (photos in the
); I never noticed any mouth-brooding from either of the parents.
They were re-collected medio January 2021 (just a few days ago). There the collector noticed twice that in bags
where there were yellow colored females, suddenly lots of very small, tiny fry appeared!
There seems to be no other possible explanation than that the mothers released them from their mouths.
So most likely Apistogramma sp. "D58" is another facultative mouth-breeding Apistogramma-species!
Apistogramma sp. "D21" has been re-collected.
When the Apistogramma sp. "D21" was collected for the second time, in 2017, it amazed us with it's colorful ventral fins.
Now this species has been collected again, and this years specimens seem to be just as colorful as the 2017 - specimens:
Apistogramma sp. "D62" has been collected.
The colorful and interesting A. sp. "D62" were collected for the second time just a few weeks ago, in Colombia.
As the fish has not arrived here yet, I have no own photos to present. However, a few fishes were sent to Japan immediatley after
collecting. There Yukitoshi Ohnota photographed them, which resulted in some amazing photos of this new species.
I'm very happy that Mr. Ohnota gave me permission to publish some of his photos here:
The Colombia tour December 2019
The December tour in Colombia gave us lots of rain and high water levels, but also some beautiful Apistogramma - locations
and some interesting species. Here I present some of them:
Apistogramma sp. "D60"
We found what we, at several locations, believed was one species, and labelled them all Apistogramma. sp. "D60".
Back home, the fishes from the different locations all appeared Apistogramma bitaeniata-like, but they have a separate caudal spot,
and they seem to represent at least two different forms:
Apistogramma sp. "D61"
We also found a fish quite similar to the A. sp. "D60" - forms, but it shows some very interesting ventral (pelvic) fins!
Apistogramma sp. "D59"
We only found two specimens of the A. sp. "D59"!
Here at the location, and the male in an aquarium:
Apistogramma sp. "D58"
The colorful A. sp. "D58" shows similarities with the A. sp. "D56", but was collected far away from that species.
Here just after collection, and wild males in aquariums:
Apistogramma sp. "Putzer/Cleaner" from the Río Negro, Colombia
These fishes might be observed repeatedly “dancing” around the head of a larger fish,
then swimming laterally along the body, and at the same time carrying out picking motions, both
toward the gill covers as well as the sides of the body. The larger fish will remain in its position
and allow the “examination”. I have observed this myself.
The conclusion is that during the procedure parasites are picked off of the skin of the larger fish.
(If the scales had been bitten, the larger fish would have reacted differently.)
Similar behavior is well known in marine cleaner fishes.
Because of this specialized behavior, the species was called “Putzer/Cleaner-Apistogramma” by
The described behavior probably developed because it expands the nutrient resources of fishes from
the nutrient poor Rio Negro. It is of benefit to the fish when compared to those that do not show
The Apistogramma sp. “Putzer/Cleaner” was second reported from São Gabriel, Rio Negro, Brazil.
The specimens shown here, however, were collected in the Colombian part of the Río Negro, so there is
some uncertainty about the exact identity.
Apistogramma cf. flabellicauda from the Río Negro, Colombia)
These fishes show most of the characteristics typical for Apistogramma flabellicauda.
In the scientific description the distribution of Apistogramma flabellicauda is said to be
"bajo y medio río Ventuari, alto Orinoco antes de confluencia con el río Ventuari y río Autana".
(Lower and middle Ventuari river, Alto Orinoco river before confluence with the Ventuari river and
the Autana river)
The speciemens presented here, were collected in the Colombian part of the Río Negro, i.e.
quite a distance away from the type locality, and in a different watercourse.
That is the reason for the "cf.".
They spawned immediately after arrival in my tank, even though a group of fishes were put together.
The fish formerly known as Apistogramma cf. diplotaenia "Orinoco"
has been scientifically described, as Apistogramma psammophila
A few of them have also found their way into one of my tanks here (May 2019).
You'll find the complete description here:
Apistogramma psammophila – a new geophagine dwarf cichlid (Teleostei: Cichlidae)
from the Rio Atabapo drainage in Colombia and Venezuela.
Wolfgang Staeck & Ingo Schindler
The Colombia tour December 2018
The December tour in Colombia gave us at least four presumably new species:
Apistogramma sp. "D53"
The A. sp. "D53", shows some similarities with the A. sp. "D6"
(= A. sp. "Mitu").
A few photos shot at the location:
Apistogramma sp. "D54"
The A. sp. "D54", shows a sooty area on the abdomen when excited, and a
colorful "face". Here just after collection:
Apistogramma sp. "D55"
The A. sp. "D55" shows a dark "V" on the gil cover that could remind of the A. sp. "D37". A few shots just after collection:
Apistogramma sp. "D56"
The A. sp. "D56", shows some remarkable colors on the head.
Here are a few photos shot at the location just after collection:
Apistogramma cf. hoignei from Colombia
Most Apistogramma (cf.) hoignei are reported (and described) from Venezuela.
This form came from the Puerto Carreño area in Colombia. Of course it can not be excluded that they
were collected in Venezuela and brought over the border.
The male's head and breast are predominated by yellow tones, and the typical black outer seam in the caudal fin here is mostly shown in the lower part of the fin:
The female has fry now, and she shows interesting black markings on the chin, throat and breast:
The Apistogramma sp. "D37" has been found in two new locations
We collected the Apistogramma sp. "D37" in February 2017, in headwaters of the Río Inirida.
They were presented here earlier (April 2017).
Recently this species has been found and collected in two new locations, both draining to headwaters
of the Río Vaupes.
The second one was given the nickname "A. sp. "D37" (Mega-purple) by a well known German
And with good reason; it really shows purple color in my tank:
Specimens from the other location show a lot of yellow, and the German enthusiast called them
A. sp. "D37" (Hyper-yellow).
Again with good reason:
The Apistogramma sp. "D6"
Some time ago, we believed that the now Apistogramma sp. "Rautenband" (see below) is the same
species as the
A. sp. "Mitú" [A 109]. To make it short: It's not.
At the same time, I was chasing a fish that seemed to be a ghost;
I saw photos and heard it was collected, but every attempt to get it from Colombia, failed.
We labelled the slender fish Apistogramma sp. "D6".
This fish is most likely the true Apistogramma sp. "Mitú" [A 109].
AND IT'S FINALLY HERE! :-)
The Apistogramma sp. "D18" has arrived
The fish we gave the preliminary name Apistogramma sp. "D18" has proved to
most likely be identical with
the A. cf. alacrina (Guayas) [A 108].
It looks like this, in one of my tanks:
There also exists a fish we have given the preliminary name
Apistogramma sp. "D18b". This form usually shows less/different colors,
and the spots (in the rows of spots) are orange and black. It is found in a different location
than the "D18".
I don't have any own photos of it, and no permission to publish other's
And yet another new Apistogramma from Colombia
Apistogramma sp. "D52" is definitely something completly new, and was
collected in the eastern part of the country this month.
Another exciting Apistogramma from Colombia
Apistogramma sp. "D51" seems to be a member of the A.-iniridae-Group.
It has similarities with both A. cf. iniridae [A 160] and the A. sp. "Içana" [A 161],
but doesn't quite match any of them.
It is probably another new species...
Apistogramma sp. "Rautenband" is the new, preliminary name
for Apistogramma sp.
Frank Hättich and Uwe Römer have published the article:
Apistogramma sp. „Rautenband“ – Ein aquaristisch neuer Zwergbuntbarsch aus dem
Einzug des Río Vaupés
Die Zeitschrift der Deutschen Cichliden-Gesellschaft e.V.
49. Jahrgang, Nr. 2, Februar 2018
(The name "Rautenband" means "Diamond band" and refers to a pattern of diamonds (rhombi) often formed
by the lateral band and additional dark scale-edges in the area of vertical bars 5-7.)
A couple of my fishes: